year 8, Issue 4 (Winter 2015)                   Iran J Med Microbiol 2015, 8(4): 1-12 | Back to browse issues page

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Bagheri P, Sepand M R. The Review Systematic and Meta Analysis of Prevalence and Causes of Nosocomial Infection in Iran. Iran J Med Microbiol. 2015; 8 (4) :1-12
1- 2. Department. of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. ,
2- Department. of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, iran.
Abstract:   (15300 Views)

Background and Aim: The variation of reported nosocomial infection is very high respectively. It seems review systematic and Meta analysis of related documents gives precise estimate of this subject for correct politisize. So tha aim of this study the review systematic and meta analysis of prevalence and causes of nosocomial infection in iran.

Materials and Methods: For this study all articles published in Iranian journals and international journals, Final Report of Research Projects, related papers presented at congresses and thesis were reviewed with using standard and sensitive keywords. Then, all articles published between 1997-2010 years that had eligibility Inclusion criteria after quality control, using random model, intered to process of meta-analysis.

Results: The finding show that the best estimate of total prevalence of nosocomial infection in Iran is 30.43% and the most common infections of nosocomial infection are respiratory infection 39.4%%, urinary infection 23.88%, bacteremia 21.98% and the most common factors of nosocomial infection are Pseudomonas aeroginosa 26.78%, klebsiella 31.42%, Staphylococcus 23.6% and E.coli 30.93%. The research also found a substantial heterogeneity that using meta regression method the main cause of produce of this heterogeneity, participants people, sample size, average age of the samples, time of study and gender were introduced.

Conclusions: The simple review of studied documents in this survey show that prevalence rate of different nosocomial infection in Iran is high relatively. Hence make appropriate and evidence-based educational and control programs to reduce nosocomial infections prevalence rate in Iran should be considered by policy makers.

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Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Nosocomial infections
Received: 2014/02/14 | Accepted: 2014/11/21 | ePublished: 2014/11/23

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