year 16, Issue 5 (September - October 2022)                   Iran J Med Microbiol 2022, 16(5): 488-489 | Back to browse issues page


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Norizadeh M, Hajipour O, Hashemian S M R. Booster Shot Is Still Effective Against Omicron Ba.4 and Ba.5 Subvariants. Iran J Med Microbiol 2022; 16 (5) :488-489
URL: http://ijmm.ir/article-1-1847-en.html
1- Department of Biotechnology, Faulty of Advanced Sciences and Technology, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , mostafa_noorizadeh@yahoo.com
2- Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Arts, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey
3- Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (410 Views)

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARSCoV2) is a strain of coronavirus that causes COVID-19 that was first identified in Wuhan of, China, on 2019 (Coronaviridae Study Group of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, 2020). Omicron variant is one of the SARS-CoV-2 variants that was first informed to WHO (World Health Organization) via South Africa (Network for Genomics Surveillance) on 24 November 2021 (Quarleri et al., 2020). The omicron was first detected in Botswana, and then the variant has spread to become omicron's predominant variant in circulation worldwide (Gowrisankar et al., 2022). Behind the original BA.1 variant (the first dominant omicron variant), several subvariants of omicron, such as BA.2, BA.3, BA.4, and BA.5 (Yao et al., 2022). Omicron subvariants BA.4 and BA.5 were classified as V-22APR-03 and V-22APR-04 by the VTG. BA.4 was designated based on potentially biologically significant mutations in spike. The BA.4 mutations are NSP4: L438 (WT, wild type); S: 69/70 deletion, L452R, F486V, Q493 (WT); ORF 7b: L11F; N: P151S and the S gene 69/70 deletion. The BA.5 has similar mutations/deletions with BA.4 except M: D3N; ORF 6: D61 (WT); ORF 7b: L11 (WT); N: P151 (WT); synonymous SNPs: A27038G, and C27889T (UK health security agency, 2022). Some people believe that the currently used vaccines are ineffective against new subvariants (Ba.4 and BA.5), which is why they do not get vaccinated. This study aimed to investigate the Ba.4 and BA.5 mutations by Bioinformatic analysis.
Since some currently used vaccines target the RBD (Receptor Binding Domain) of the S protein of SARS-CoV-2, in this research, the mutations of RBD have been investigated. The results obtained from the IEDB analyzer showed that there are a minimum of five highest score B cell epitopes that remained unchanged (Figure 1). T-Cell epitopes analysis indicated that there are still a lot of unchanged (lots of HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-C) and common epitopes (for different MHCI) between the original variant (Wuhan) and BA. 4/5 variants. The result of our analysis indicates that the currently used vaccine can stimulate humoral and cellular immunity and the vaccines help protect against severe illness, hospitalization, and death.

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Type of Study: Letter to the Editor | Subject: Medical Virology
Received: 2022/08/2 | Accepted: 2022/08/22 | ePublished: 2022/08/23

References
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5. Coronaviridae Study Group of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. The species Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus: classifying 2019-nCoV and naming it SARS-CoV-2. Nat Microbiol. 2020 Apr;5(4):536-44. [DOI:10.1038/s41564-020-0695-z] [PMID] [PMCID]

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