year 16, Issue 3 (May - June 2022)                   Iran J Med Microbiol 2022, 16(3): 178-185 | Back to browse issues page

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Taati B, Paydar Ardakani S M, Suzuki K, Sadat Modaresi M, Taati Moghadam M, Roozbeh B. Protective Roles of Exercise and Nutritional Factors for Immune System During Delta Variant-COVID-19 Outbreaks: Evidence Review and Practical Recommendations. Iran J Med Microbiol. 2022; 16 (3) :178-185
1- Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
2- Department of Sport Sciences, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran
3- Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda Institute of Sports Nutrition, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-1192, Japan
4- Department of Exercise Physiology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
5- Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ,
6- Department of sport sciences, Hakim Toos Higher Education Institute, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (834 Views)

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a deadly viral infection causing death due to impaired immunity. Therefore, an investigation of factors affecting the immune system should be considered. It is well documented that regular sessions of moderate-intensity exercise training with up to 1-hour duration boost the immune functions through anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Besides, a diet containing functional and nutritious foods is also needed to aid the immune system. Herein, we have summarized available data on how exercise and nutritional factors help promote immunity against various infections. More importantly, this review provides practical and valuable guidance for sedentary adult people and non-professional athletes on how to do aerobic and resistance training and stretching exercises at home with no special types of equipment required during the outbreaks of delta variant-COVID-19. Some significant exercise-related nutritional considerations regarding carbohydrates, fibers, vitamins, zinc, and omega-3 fatty acids were also supplied that help to create better adaptations and improve immune responses.

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Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Medical Virology
Received: 2021/08/24 | Accepted: 2022/01/7 | ePublished: 2022/03/20

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