year 14, Issue 6 (November - December 2020)                   Iran J Med Microbiol 2020, 14(6): 584-595 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jamshidi K, Zahedi A, Seidavi A, Poorghasemi M. Slaughterhouse Study on the Prevalence and Pathological Lesions Caused by Dictyocaulus Viviparus Infection in Cattle and Water Buffaloes. Iran J Med Microbiol 2020; 14 (6) :584-595
1- Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch, Garmsar, Iran ,
2- Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Islamic Azad University Rasht Branch, Rasht, Iran
3- Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Iran
Abstract:   (3933 Views)
Background:  Dictyocaulus viviparus nematode is the cause of severe bronchitis in dairy animals which lead to significant economic losses in the industry of this type of livestock. The present study aimed to determine the incidence of D. viviparous, a highly endemic parasite in cattle and water buffaloes in Guilan province, Iran.
Materials & Methods:   Stool samples from 212 cows and 189 buffaloes were tested using the Baermann technique. After slaughtering the animals, the lungs of all cows and buffaloes were isolated, sampled and carefully studied to determine D. viviparus in the lungs.
Results:   In general, there was a significant difference in the prevalence of D. viviparus in the fecal samples of cows (22.64%) and buffaloes (26.32%). Macroscopic study revealed symptoms of severe pneumonia, nodular lesions, and hyperemia in lung tissues of 5 cows and 5 buffaloes. Microscopic (histopathological) studies showed lymphocytic bronchiolitis and multifocal eosinophilic with wide interalveolar walls in lungs infected with D. viviparus.
Conclusion:   The prevalence of this parasite among cattle and buffaloes were 22.64% and 26.32%, respectively; but the difference between these two animal species was not significant. Overall, the prevalence of D. viviparus was higher among young animals in both species.
Full-Text [PDF 1568 kb]   (1548 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (1918 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Medical Virology
Received: 2020/04/25 | Accepted: 2020/08/26 | ePublished: 2020/10/27

1. Poorghasemi M, Chamani M, Mirhosseini SZ, Sadeghi AA, Seidavi A. Effect of probiotic and different sources of fat on performance, carcass characteristics, intestinal morphology and ghrelin gene expression on broiler chickens. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg. 2017; 24(2): 169-178.
2. Alim MA, Das S, Roy K, Masuduzzaman M, Sikder S, Hassan MM, et al. Prevalence of hemoprotozoan diseases in cattle population of Chittagong division, Bangladesh. Pak Vet J. 2012; 32: 221-224.
3. Khan MN, Rehman TU, Sajid MS, Abbas RZ, Zaman MA, Sikandar A, et al. Determinants influencing prevalence of coccidiosis in Pakistani buffaloes. Pak Vet J. 2013; 33: 287-290.
4. Ploeger HW, Borgsteede FH, Sol J, Mirck MH, Huyben MW, Kooyman FN, et al. Cross sectional serological survey on gastrointestinal and lung nematode infections in first and second-year replacement stock in the Netherlands: relation with management practices and use of anthelmintics. Vet Parasitol. 2002; 90: 285-304. [DOI:10.1016/S0304-4017(00)00246-6]
5. Zaman MA, Iqbal Z, Khan MN, Muhammad G. Anthelmintic activity of a herbal formulation against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep. Pak Vet J. 2012; 32: 117-121.
6. Laabs EM, Schnieder T, Strube C. Transcriptional differences between hypobiotic and non-hypobioticpreadult larvae of the bovine lungworm Dictyocaulusviviparus. Parasitol Res. 2012; 110: 151-159. [DOI:10.1007/s00436-011-2464-7] [PMID]
7. Larsson A, Uggla A, Waller PJ, Höglund J. Performance of second-season grazing cattle following different levels of parasite control in their first grazing season. Vet Parasitol. 2011; 175: 135-140. [DOI:10.1016/j.vetpar.2010.09.018] [PMID]
8. Taylor MA, Coop RL, Wall RL. Veterinary parasitology. 3rd ed. United Kingdom: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.; 2007.
9. Cantacessi C, Gasser RB, Strube C, Schnieder T, Jex AR, Hall RS, et al. Deep insights into Dictyocaulusviviparus transcriptomes provide unique prospects for new drug targets and disease intervention. Biotechnol Adv. 2011; 29: 261-271. [DOI:10.1016/j.biotechadv.2010.11.005] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Verstegen MW, Boon JH, van der Hel W, Yildiz K. Prevalence of lungworm infection in sheep and cattle in the Kirikkale province. Türk Parazitol Derg. 2006; 30: 190-193.
11. Panuska C. Lungworms of ruminants. Vet Clin N Am-Food A. 2006; 22: 583-593. [DOI:10.1016/j.cvfa.2006.06.002] [PMID]
12. Nashiruddullah N, Darzi MM, Shahardar RA, Kamil SA, Mir MS, Mansoor MM. Pathology of spontaneous Dictyocaulus sp. infection in hangul (Cervuselaphushanglu), sheep and goat. J Vet Parasitol. 2007; 21: 37-40.
13. Alipourazar M, Garedaghi Y, Hashemzadefarhang H. Prevalence of cattle and buffalo lung-worm infestation in Tabriz city, Iran. Biol Forum. 2015; 7(1): 195-198.
14. Garedaghi Y, Rezaii saber AP, Naghizadeh A, Nazeri M. Survey on prevalence of sheep and goats lungworms in Tabriz abattoir, Iran. J Anim Vet Adv. 2011; 10(11): 1460-1461. [DOI:10.3923/javaa.2011.1460.1461]
15. Nematollahi A, Moghaddam G. A survey on annual infestation of sheepwith lungworms based on fecal test and slaughter house study in Tabriz. J Vet Res. 2009; 64(4): 339-342.
16. Sikandar A, Cheema AH, Younus M, Aslam A, Zaman MA, Rehman T. Histopathological and serological studies on paratuberculosis in cattle and buffaloes. Pak Vet J. 2012; 32: 547- 551.
17. Jung M, Jung BG, Cha SB, Shin MK, Lee WJ, Shin SW, et al. The effects of germanium biotite supplement as a prophylactic agent against respiratory infection in calves. Pak Vet J. 2012; 32: 319-324.
18. Alasaad S, Morrondo P, Dacal-Rivas V, Soriguer RC, Granados JE, Serrano E, et al. Bronchopulmonary nematode infection of Capra pyrenaicain the Sierra Nevada massif, Spain. Vet Parasitol. 2009; 164: 340-343. [DOI:10.1016/j.vetpar.2009.06.019] [PMID]
19. Bennema SC, Vercruysse J, Morgan E, Stafford K, Hoglund J, Demeler J, et al. Epidemiology and risk factors for exposure to gastrointestinal nematodes in dairy herds in northwestern Europé. Vet Parasitol. 2010; 173: 247-254. [DOI:10.1016/j.vetpar.2010.07.002] [PMID]
20. Addis M, Fromsa A, Ebuy Y. Study on the prevalence of lungworm infection in small ruminants in Gondar town, Ethiopia. Vet Res. 2011; 4: 85-89. [DOI:10.3923/javaa.2011.1683.1687]
21. Silva MCD, Barros RRD, Graca DL. Outbreak of dictyocaulosis in cattle in Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Cienc Rural. 2005; 35: 629-632. [DOI:10.1590/S0103-84782005000300022]
22. Sharma RL, Dhar DN. Prevalence of Dictyocaulusviviparusinfection in Kashmir. Iranian J Parasitol. 1987; 11: 101-105.
23. Lat-Lat H, Sani RA, Hassan L, Sheikh-Omar AR, Jeyabalan S, Hishammfariz M, et al. Lungworm of cattle in Malaysia. Trop Biomed. 2010; 27: 236-240.
24. Murphy TM, Fahy KN, McAuliffe A, Forbes AB, Clegg TA, O Brien DJ. A study of helminth parasites in culled cows from Ireland. Prev Vet Med. 2006; 76: 1-10. [DOI:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2006.04.005] [PMID]
25. Schnieder T, Kaup FJ, Drommer W. Morphological investigations on the pathology of Dictyocaulusviviparusinfections in cattle. Parasitol Res. 1991; 77: 260-265. [DOI:10.1007/BF00930869] [PMID]
26. Hoglund J, Viring S, Tornqvist M. Seroprevalence of Dictyocaulusviviparusin first grazing season calves in Sweden. Vet Parasitol. 2004; 125: 343-435. [DOI:10.1016/j.vetpar.2004.07.018] [PMID]
27. Divina BP, Wilhelmsson E, Mattsson JG, Waller P, Hoglund J. Identification of Dictyocaulus spp. in ruminants by morphological and molecular analyses. Parasitol. 2000; 121: 193-201. [DOI:10.1017/S0031182099006162] [PMID]
28. Pybus MJ. Survey of hepatic and pulmonary helminths of wild cervids in Alberta. Canadian. J Wildlife Dis. 1990; 26: 453-459. [DOI:10.7589/0090-3558-26.4.453] [PMID]
29. Strube C. Parasitic bronchitis in cattle - new chances for prevention of a continuous problem? Tieraerztl Umsch. 2012; 67: 387-394.
30. Holzhauer M, van Schaik G, Saatkamp HW, Ploeger HW. Lungworm outbreaks in adult dairy cows: estimating economic losses and lessons to be learned. Vet Record. 2011; 169: 494-502. [DOI:10.1136/vr.d4736] [PMID]
31. Ranganathan S, Nagaraj SH, Hu M, Strube C, Schnieder T, Gasser RB. A transcriptomic analysis of the adult stage of the bovine lungworm, Dictyocaulusviviparus. BMC Genom. 2007; 8: 311-315. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2164-8-311] [PMID] [PMCID]
32. Bancroft JD, Marilyn G. Theory and practice of histological techniques. 6th ed. United Kingdom: Elsevier-Health Sciences Division; 2007.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Medical Microbiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb | Publisher: Farname Inc