year 5, Issue 4 (Winter 2012)                   Iran J Med Microbiol 2012, 5(4): 14-22 | Back to browse issues page

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Jalalpoor S, Kasra Kermanshahi R, Noohi A S, Zarkesh Esfahani H. Role and Important Staff Hands and Low and High Contact Hospital Surfaces to Produce and Controlling Nosocomial Infections. Iran J Med Microbiol. 2012; 5 (4) :14-22
1- Islamic Azad University Shahreza Branch, Membership of Young Researchers Club ,
2- Dept of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, University of Alzahra (Tehran), Tehran
3- Dept of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran
4- Dept of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan.
Abstract:   (9976 Views)
Introduction: Nosocomial infections (NIs), also called hospital-acquired infections are infections acquired during hospital care which are not present or incubating at admission. Nosocomial infections remain a major global concern in all countries. Health care settings are an environment where both infected persons and persons at increased risk of infection congregate. Patients with infections or carriers of pathogenic microorganisms admitted to hospital are potential sources of infection for patients and staff. Staff hands and hospital surfaces have important role in produce and controlling nosocomial Infections.
Material and Method: Related papers to importance of staff hands and hospital surfaces in nosocomial infections were extracted of articles in Pubmed, Elsevier Science, and Yahoo from 1995 to 2010 years. For this study key words which were search include hospital surfaces, staff hand, nosocomial infection and infection control.
Results: About importance of staff hands and ho spital surfaces in nosocomial infections in all of similar original and review articles, there is consensus that control of Bacterial population in these sources, lead to reduce and control of transfer and spread of Bacterial in hospital and finally nosocomial infection.
Conclusion: Hospital surfaces can serve as reservoirs of potential pathogen Bacteria and have important role in infection chain. Bacteria on hospital surfaces have low potential to spread. Staff hands have very contact with hospital surfaces, especially high contact surface, and are more sources to transmission and spread Bacteria into hospital. Staff Hand and hospital surfaces hygiene has been considered to be the most important tool in NI control.
Full-Text [PDF 265 kb]   (4158 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Medical Bacteriology
Received: 2014/01/2 | Accepted: 2014/01/2 | ePublished: 2014/01/2

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