year 5, Issue 1 And 2 (6-2011)                   Iran J Med Microbiol 2011, 5(1 And 2): 34-42 | Back to browse issues page

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Habibi M, Gheibi N, Nooroozi J, Naser Pour T, Jahani Hashemi H, Khosroshahi N et al . Effects of low-power laser irradiation on the growth of staphylococcus aureus with and without the presence of caffeic acid. Iran J Med Microbiol. 2011; 5 (1 and 2) :34-42
URL: http://ijmm.ir/article-1-179-en.html
1- Microbiology, Islamic Azad University, Science & Research Branch – Tehrn, Iran
2- Assistant Professor of Biophysics, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Cellular and Molecular Research Center , Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran , gheibi_n@yahoo.com
3- Professor of Microbiology , Islamic Azad University, Science & Research Branch – Tehrn, Iran
4- Associate Professor of Microbiology, Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
5- Associate Professor of Biostatics, Department of Biostatics, School of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
6- Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
Abstract:   (12491 Views)
Background and Objectives: Staphylococcus aureus is the aetiological agent of a wide range of infections. The role of staphylococcus aureus an important infection pathogen is clearly determined . But one of the major challenge of human is the antibiotic resistance because of vast prescription of the antibiotics. The purpose of this investigation was to determine low power laser and caffeic acid effects on S. aureus and whether this strategy could be used to kill the bacteria in vitro.
Material and Methods: In vitro investigation of antibacterial properties of Low-power laser and caffeic acid carried out on clinical and standard strains of S. aureus. The samples from 10 cases were collected from wounded of the skin in burning infection. S. aureus species in the samples were identified by standard morphology, microscopy, and biochemistry and PCR tests. Then minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of caffeic Acid were determined for the microorganism by macro dilution method. The samples were exposed to 2mW He-Ne laser for 2 or 3 min in the presence of sub MIC concentration caffeic acid separately or together and then cultured on nutrient agar and then incubated in 37°C 24 h and after that number of colonies was counted to quantification bacterial cell death.
Results: Certain concentrations of the extracts showed significant antibacterial effect on the strains. Extracts with 20 mg concentration showed defined growth inhibitory effect and 30 mg concentration showed both inhibitory and bactericidal effects on all of the given bacteria. The minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined 7mM for S. aureus, 6.5 and 6.75 mM considered as sub-MIC concentrations. Triplicate data of colony count showed that caffeic acid suppresses the colony production of the staphylococcus in a concentration dependent manner in comparison with control group (p<0.0001). Invitro studies of low power laser (2mW) effects show its suppressive properties in exposure time dependent manner. The difference between 3 and 2min laser exposures show significant decreasing of colonies growth (p<0.0001). There was same difference between 2min and control without exposure (p<0.0001). Co-exposure of samples with laser and caffeic acid show a synergetic effect in the colony formation reduction in comparison with sole caffeic acid (p<0.0001) or laser (p<0.0001).
Conclusion: In this study Low-power He-Ne laser suppressed the colony formation of staphylococcus aureus growth and co-exposure of laser and caffeic acid boosted the bactericidal effectiveness.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Antimicrobial Substances
Received: 2013/11/30 | Accepted: 2013/11/30 | ePublished: 2013/11/30

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