year 17, Issue 1 (January - February (Inpress) 2023)                   Iran J Med Microbiol 2023, 17(1): 1-1 | Back to browse issues page

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Ramazanzadeh R, Marzban A, Khalili Fard Ardali J, Saki R, Esmaeil Lashgarian H, Shakib P. Anti-Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Effects of Folk Medicinal Plants in Iran: A Mini-Systematic Review. Iran J Med Microbiol 2023; 17 (1) :1-1
URL: http://ijmm.ir/article-1-1715-en.html
1- Department of Microbiology, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
2- Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
3- Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4- Department of Microbiology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
5- Department of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
6- Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran , shakib.pegah@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (463 Views)

The emergence of drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a major challenge in tuberculosis treatment and control. In addition, multidrug resistance (MDR) and, more broadly, extensive drug resistance (XDR) have hampered treatment with common antibiotics. Thus, an herbal medicine containing antimicrobial capability can be a good alternative to antituberculosis drugs. In this study, we reviewed the effect of folk herbs in Iran as anti-Mycobacterium tuberculosis drugs. In this systematic analysis, keywords including medicinal plants, M. Tuberculosis infection, Tuberculosis disease, MTB, essential oils, and extracts were searched in Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed, Ovid, Cochrane, Scientific Information Database (SID), Iran Medex, Iran Doc, Magiran, and Google scholar where articles published from 2000 to 2020 were considered. The results indicated that Iranian native herbs such as Peganum harmala, Humulus lupulus, Capparis spinosa, Thymus vulgaris, Pulicaria gnaphalodes, Perovskia abrotanoides, Peganum harmala, Punica granatum, Digitalis sp., Citrus lemon, Rosa canina, Berberis vulgaris, Aloe vera, Mentha spp., Hypericum perforatum, Humulus lupulus, Trachyspermum copticum, Pelargonium graveolens, Levisticum officinale, and Dracocephalum kotschyi were all effective antibacterial against mycobacterial infection within 0.5 ug to 200 mg. Thymus vulgaris was shown to be the most effective than other antibacterial agents such as Streptomycin, Cycloserin Isoniazid, and Ethambutol (0.5-40 μg/mL). Herbal remedies may be an effective therapeutic option for antibiotic-resistant tuberculosis. Potential adverse effects and antibacterial properties, along with possible synergistic interactions with other plants and drugs, require further studies to clarify.

     
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Medical Bacteriology
Received: 2022/04/5 | Accepted: 2022/08/3 | ePublished: 2023/01/20

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