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1- Department of Parasitology and Mycology; Infectious Diseases Research Center, School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2- 1Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, College of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences Yazd, Iran
3- Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences Shiraz, Iran4. Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Paramedical School, Gerash University of Medical Sciences, Gerash, Iran
4- Head of English Language Department, School of Medicine, Yazd Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran,
5- MD, MPH, Associate Professor in Community Medicine, Health Monitoring Research Center, School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
6- Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, College of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences Yazd, Iran , Dehghani.maryam5960@gmail.com
Abstract:   (230 Views)
Introduction & Objective: Toxoplasmosis is a common parasitic infection that can endanger mothers and neonates' health during pregnancy. The disease is also prevalent in Iran. This study intended to evaluate the sero-epidemiology of toxoplasmosis in neonates and postpartum mothers referred to health centers of Yazd in Iran during 2020.
METHODS: Totally, 184 postpartum mothers and 184 neonatal umbilical cords in health centers of Yazd were evaluated for Toxoplasma infection through specific IgM and IgG antibodies kit. The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS18.
Results & Conclusion: Out of 184 samples of postpartum mothers, 8 cases (4.35%) were seropositive, and 176 (95.65%) were seronegative for IgG antibody; moreover, 7 cases (3.80%) were seropositive, and 177 (96.20%) seronegative for IgM antibody. Also, 184 neonatal umbilical cords were IgM negative, and no toxoplasmosis infection was reported. No significant correlation was found between seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection and caring of pets, consumption of raw meat, level of education, blood type, job, living area and type of delivery (P>0.05). However, a significant correlation was identified between the number of deliveries and prevalence of toxoplasmosis (P=0.014).  This study also illustrated a low prevalence of Toxoplasma infection in postpartum mothers and no congenital transmission of the disease in diverse health centers of the province. However, there was no statistically significant relationship between risk factors and prevalence of Toxoplasma.
Article number: 14
     
Type of Study: Brief Original Article | Subject: Medical Parasitology
Received: 2021/10/17 | Accepted: 2022/06/28 | ePublished: 2022/09/9

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