year 3, Issue 1 (Spring 2009)                   Iran J Med Microbiol 2009, 3(1): 55-58 | Back to browse issues page

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Valizadeh S, Memariani M, Bigverdi R, Memariani H. A report on the epidemiology ofextra-pulmonary tuberculosis in Shahriar district in, 2008-2009. Iran J Med Microbiol. 2009; 3 (1) :55-58
1- Shahriar Tuberculosis Center, Shahriar Public HealthNetwork, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Shahriar, Iran
2- Division of Microbiology, Department of Pathobiology,School of Public Health , Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ,
3- Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 4) Islamic Azad University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (16853 Views)
Background and objectives: Mycobacterium tuberculosisis usually associated with pulmonary infections. However, it may affect any organ other than lungs in one third of patients. This study was conducted to assess the epidemiology of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis in patients referred to Shahriar Tuberculosis Center.
Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, new cases of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis were evaluated using statistical analysis. All patients were registered from April 2008 to March 2009.
Results: Out of 127 patients with tuberculosis, extra-pulmonary tuberculosis was diagnosed in 41(32.3%) cases with the mean age of 35.9±16.4(SD).There were 16(39%) males and 25(61%) females. Of these patients, 73.2% were Iranian and the others were Afghani. The sites commonly involved were lymph nodes (29.3%), bones and joints (17.1%), pleura (9.8%) and gastrointestinal tract (9.8%) respectively. Moreover, one patient (2.4%) was co-infected with HIV.
Conclusion: Correct diagnosis of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis is a major obstacle for medicine because it resembles many other infections. Hence, proper screening tests should be carried out.
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Type of Study: Brief report | Subject: Medical Bacteriology
Received: 2013/11/21 | Accepted: 2013/11/21 | ePublished: 2013/11/21

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