year 16, Issue 1 (January - February 2022)                   Iran J Med Microbiol 2022, 16(1): 43-48 | Back to browse issues page

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Sorkhi H, Shahhoseini F, Hajiahmadi M, Pournajaf A, Halaji M, Mohammadi M. A Nine-Year Follow-Up of Antimicrobial Resistance Profile in Children with Urinary Tract Infection in Northern Iran. Iran J Med Microbiol 2022; 16 (1) :43-48
1- Non-Communicable Pediatric Disease Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
2- Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
3- Non-Communicable Pediatric Disease Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran ,
Abstract:   (3124 Views)

Background and Objective: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common infections in children. Arbitrary use of antibiotics has increased the resistant strains and transmits these resistant factors to other pathogens. Therefore, this study was designed to follow the resistance trend in 9-years in children with urinary tract infections referred to the Amirkola Children's hospital (Northern Iran).
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all children who had Urinary tract infections between 1994 to1998 and 2013 to 2018 with one month to 18 years old were included. Data (covering 9 years), such as age, sex, antibiotic resistance profile, urine culture results, and history of UTI, were collected retrospectively from patients' records. Cases were selected based on clinical and microbiological criteria. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by the Kirby–Bauer disk diffusion method.
Results: Escherichia coli was the most predominant organism isolated from urine samples. The highest drug resistance was related to cefazolin (83.3%). Resistance to nitrofurantoin was higher in children older than 5 years (P≤0.001). Moreover, the resistance pattern to gentamicin, amikacin, ceftriaxone, cephalexin, and imipenem differed in females and males (P>0.05).
Conclusion: A 9-year study showed that 91.4% of the strains are still sensitive against amikacin which is a suitable treatment option in the studied strains. The establishment of antimicrobial stewardship programs and regular monitoring of antimicrobial resistance could help to reduce inappropriate prescribing for UTIs.

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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Medical Bacteriology
Received: 2021/08/14 | Accepted: 2021/12/6 | ePublished: 2022/01/20

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