year 14, Issue 3 (May-Jun 2020)                   Iran J Med Microbiol 2020, 14(3): 241-251 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Saeidnia H, Mohammadzadeh Z, Saeidnia M, Mahmoodzadeh A, Ghorbani N, Hasanzadeh M. Identifying Requirements of a Self-care System on Smartphones for Preventing Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Iran J Med Microbiol. 2020; 14 (3) :241-251
URL: http://ijmm.ir/article-1-1107-en.html
1- Department of Information Management, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Health Information Technology,Department of Health Information Technology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran Urmia, Iran
3- Department of Hematology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4- Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Medical Biology Research Center, Health Technology Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
5- Cellular & Molecular, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran
6- Professor, Department of Knowledge and Information Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , hasanzadeh@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (15074 Views)

Background: Smartphone applications play a pivotal role in management, providing care and preventing infectious diseases. It also has the potential impact on supportive and self-care. This study aimed to identify the requirements for a smartphones self-care system to prevent corona-virus (COVID-19).
Materials & Methods: This was a descriptive study performed in two main stages in 2020. At the first stage, to recognize the requirements for a smartphones self-care system, similar articles were searched and identified. In the second stage, the identified requirements were validated through a researcher-made questionnaire. The sample size of the study consisted of infectious diseases specialists of Urmia University of Medical Sciences. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean and frequency).
Results: Requirements of the self-care system were identified in four areas: "demographic data, clinical requirements, self-care strategies, and technical characteristics". Also, according to the research community, 5 data elements for demographic data, 11 data elements for clinical requirements, 5 data elements for self-care strategies, and 11 data elements for technical characteristics were selected.
Conclusion: Applying the requirements and suggested strategies in the present study can improve self-care skills to prevent corona-virus, symptoms management, motivate and reduce stress, increase personal hygiene and communication with health care providers.

Full-Text [PDF 778 kb]   (3015 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (185 Views)  
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Microbial Bioinformatics
Received: 2020/03/13 | Accepted: 2020/04/30 | ePublished: 2020/05/12

References
1. Fawcett JJNsq. The Nurse Theorists: 21st-Century Updates-Dorothea E. Orem. 2001;14(1):34-8. [DOI:10.1177/08943180122108021] [PMID]
2. Dean KJSS, Psychology MPAM, Sociology M. Self-care responses to illness: a selected review. 1981;15(5):673-87. [DOI:10.1016/0271-7123(81)90091-2]
3. DORAN DJLJ, International BP. Functional Status. Nursing-sensitive Outcomes: state of the science. 2003.
4. Valdez RS, Holden RJJEiD. Health care human factors/ergonomics fieldwork in home and community settings. 2016;24(4):4-9. [DOI:10.1177/1064804615622111] [PMID] [PMCID]
5. Srinivas P, Cornet V, Holden RJIJoHCI. Human factors analysis, design, and evaluation of Engage, a consumer health IT application for geriatric heart failure self-care. 2017;33(4):298-312. [DOI:10.1080/10447318.2016.1265784] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Riegel B, Dickson VV, Faulkner KMJJoCN. The situation-specific theory of heart failure self-care: revised and updated. 2016;31(3):226-35. [DOI:10.1097/JCN.0000000000000244] [PMID]
7. Novak LL, Unertl KM, Holden RJJSiht, informatics. Realizing the potential of patient engagement: designing IT to support health in everyday life. 2016;222:237.
8. Holden RJ, Kulanthaivel A, Purkayastha S, Goggins KM, Kripalani SJIjomi. Know thy eHealth user: Development of biopsychosocial personas from a study of older adults with heart failure. 2017;108:158-67. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2017.10.006] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. Zachary WW, Michlig G, Kaplan A, Nguyen N-T, Quinn CC, Surkan PJ, editors. Participatory design of a social networking app to support Type II Diabetes self-management in low-income minority communities. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Human Factors and Ergonomics in Health Care; 2017: SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA. [DOI:10.1177/2327857917061010] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Cage K, Santos L, Scott C, Vaughn-Cooke M, editors. Personal health record design preferences for minority diabetic patients. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting; 2014: SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA. [DOI:10.1177/1541931214581131]
11. Kwok J, Burns CM, editors. Usability evaluation of a mobile ecological interface design application for diabetes management. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting; 2005: SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA. [DOI:10.1177/154193120504901109]
12. Beer JM, McBride SE, Mitzner TL, Rogers WAJAe. Understanding challenges in the front lines of home health care: a human-systems approach. 2014;45(6):1687-99. [DOI:10.1016/j.apergo.2014.05.019] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Woods SP, Iudicello JE, Morgan EE, Cameron MV, Doyle KL, Smith TV, et al. Health-related everyday functioning in the internet age: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders disrupt online pharmacy and health chart navigation skills. 2016;31(2):176-85. [DOI:10.1093/arclin/acv090] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Dodson S, Klassen KM, McDonald K, Millard T, Osborne RH, Battersby MW, et al. HealthMap: a cluster randomised trial of interactive health plans and self-management support to prevent coronary heart disease in people with HIV. 2016;16(1):114. [DOI:10.1186/s12879-016-1422-5] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Niakan S, Mehraeen E, Noori T, Gozali E, editors. Web and Mobile Based HIV Prevention and Intervention Programs Pros and Cons-A Review. eHealth; 2017.
16. Ramanathan N, Swendeman D, Comulada WS, Estrin D, Rotheram-Borus MJJIjomi. Identifying preferences for mobile health applications for self-monitoring and self-management: focus group findings from HIV-positive persons and young mothers. 2013;82(4):e38-e46. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2012.05.009] [PMID] [PMCID]
17. Mehraeen E, Safdari R, SeyedAlinaghi S, Mohammadzadeh N, Mohraz MJEp. Common elements and features of a mobile-based self-management system for people living with HIV. 2018;10(4):6655. [DOI:10.19082/6655] [PMID] [PMCID]
18. Copeland TJA, medicine. Self-managing HIV/AIDS: cultural competence and health among women in Nairobi, Kenya. 2018;25(2):176-90. [DOI:10.1080/13648470.2017.1285002] [PMID]
19. Richardson P, Griffin I, Tucker C, Smith D, Oechsle O, Phelan A, et al. Baricitinib as potential treatment for 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease. 2020;395(10223):e30-e1. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30304-4]
20. Zhang Jj, Dong X, Cao YY, Yuan Yd, Yang Yb, Yan Yq, et al. Clinical characteristics of 140 patients infected by SARS‐CoV‐2 in Wuhan, China. 2020. [DOI:10.1111/all.14238] [PMID]
21. Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, Li X, Yang B, Song J, et al. A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019. 2020.
22. Betsch C, Wieler L, Bosnjak M, Ramharter M, Stollorz V, Omer S, et al. Germany COVID-19 Snapshot MOnitoring (COSMO Germany): Monitoring knowledge, risk perceptions, preventive behaviours, and public trust in the current coronavirus outbreak in Germany. 2020.
23. Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, Ren L, Zhao J, Hu Y, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. 2020;395(10223):497-506. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30183-5]
24. Cao J, Hu X, Cheng W, Yu L, Tu W-J, Liu QJICM. Clinical features and short-term outcomes of 18 patients with corona virus disease 2019 in intensive care unit. 2020:1-3. [DOI:10.1093/cid/ciaa243] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. Guo Y-R, Cao Q-D, Hong Z-S, Tan Y-Y, Chen S-D, Jin H-J, et al. The origin, transmission and clinical therapies on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak-an update on the status. 2020;7(1):1-10. [DOI:10.1186/s40779-020-00240-0] [PMID] [PMCID]
26. Lipsitch M, Swerdlow DL, Finelli LJNEJoM. Defining the epidemiology of Covid-19-studies needed. 2020. [DOI:10.1056/NEJMp2002125] [PMID]
27. Wang D, Hu B, Hu C, Zhu F, Liu X, Zhang J, et al. Clinical characteristics of 138 hospitalized patients with 2019 novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia in Wuhan, China. 2020. [DOI:10.1001/jama.2020.1585] [PMID] [PMCID]
28. Wang C, Pan R, Wan X, Tan Y, Xu L, Ho CS, et al. Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic among the general population in china. 2020;17(5):1729. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph17051729] [PMID] [PMCID]
29. Pan F, Ye T, Sun P, Gui S, Liang B, Li L, et al. Time course of lung changes on chest CT during recovery from 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pneumonia. 2020:200370. [DOI:10.1148/radiol.2020200370] [PMID] [PMCID]
30. Song Y, Jiang J, Yang D, Bai CJCe. Prospect and application of Internet of Things technology for prevention of SARIs. 2020. [DOI:10.1016/j.ceh.2020.02.001] [PMCID]
31. Chen N, Zhou M, Dong X, Qu J, Gong F, Han Y, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. 2020;395(10223):507-13. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30211-7]
32. Xiao H, Zhang Y, Kong D, Li S, Yang NJMSMIMJoE, Research C. The Effects of Social Support on Sleep Quality of Medical Staff Treating Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in January and February 2020 in China. 2020;26:e923549-1. [DOI:10.12659/MSM.923921]
33. Ringbæk T, Green A, Laursen LC, Frausing E, Brøndum E, Ulrik CSJIjocopd. Effect of tele health care on exacerbations and hospital admissions in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized clinical trial. 2015;10:1801. [DOI:10.2147/COPD.S85596] [PMID] [PMCID]
34. Peeri NC, Shrestha N, Rahman MS, Zaki R, Tan Z, Bibi S, et al. The SARS, MERS and novel coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemics, the newest and biggest global health threats: what lessons have we learned? 2020. [DOI:10.1093/ije/dyaa033] [PMID] [PMCID]
35. Smith AC, Thomas E, Snoswell CL, Haydon H, Mehrotra A, Clemensen J, et al. Telehealth for global emergencies: Implications for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). 2020:1357633X20916567. [DOI:10.1177/1357633X20916567] [PMID] [PMCID]
36. Mak WW, Law RW, Woo J, Cheung FM, Lee DJP, Health. Social support and psychological adjustment to SARS: The mediating role of self-care self-efficacy. 2009;24(2):161-74. [DOI:10.1080/08870440701447649] [PMID]
37. Hollander JE, Carr BGJNEJoM. Virtually perfect? Telemedicine for covid-19. 2020. [DOI:10.1056/NEJMp2003539] [PMID]
38. Lunn P, Belton C, Lavin C, McGowan F, Timmons S, Robertson D. Using behavioural science to help fight the coronavirus. 2020. [DOI:10.30636/jbpa.31.147]
39. Kirk GD, Himelhoch SS, Westergaard RP, Beckwith CGJAr, treatment. Using mobile health technology to improve HIV care for persons living with HIV and substance abuse. 2013;2013. [DOI:10.1155/2013/194613] [PMID] [PMCID]
40. Wade TR, ACKERMAN BAJDS. The many faces of keratoacanthomas. 1978;4(7):498-501. [DOI:10.1111/j.1524-4725.1978.tb00483.x] [PMID]
41. Belzer ME, Naar-King S, Olson J, Sarr M, Thornton S, Kahana SY, et al. The use of cell phone support for non-adherent HIV-infected youth and young adults: an initial randomized and controlled intervention trial. 2014;18(4):686-96. [DOI:10.1007/s10461-013-0661-3] [PMID] [PMCID]
42. L'Engle KL, Green K, Succop SM, Laar A, Wambugu SJJrp. Scaled-up mobile phone intervention for HIV care and treatment: protocol for a facility randomized controlled trial. 2015;4(1):e11. [DOI:10.2196/resprot.3659] [PMID] [PMCID]
43. Stoller EP, Webster NJ, Blixen CE, McCormick RA, Perzynski AT, Kanuch SW, et al. Lay management of chronic disease: a qualitative study of living with hepatitis C infection. 2009;33(4):376-90. [DOI:10.5993/AJHB.33.4.4] [PMID] [PMCID]
44. Negin J, Nyirenda M, Seeley J, Mutevedzi PJJoc-cg. Inequality in health status among older adults in Africa: the surprising impact of anti-retroviral treatment. 2013;28(4):491-3. [DOI:10.1007/s10823-013-9215-4] [PMID]
45. Donovan JL, Blake DR. Qualitative study of interpretation of reassurance among patients attending rheumatology clinics: "just a touch of arthritis, doctor?". BMJ (Clinical research ed). 2000;320(7234):541-4. [DOI:10.1136/bmj.320.7234.541] [PMID] [PMCID]
46. Nematollahi M, Khalesi N, Moghadasi HJP. The comparative investigation of HIV/AIDS surveillances in the selected countries. 2012;11(4):425-33.
47. Fernandes LTB, Nóbrega VMd, Silva MEdA, Machado AN, Collet NJRbde. Supported self-care for children and adolescents with chronic disease and their families. 2017;70(6):1318-29. [DOI:10.1590/0034-7167-2016-0553] [PMID]
48. Bärnighausen T, Chaiyachati K, Chimbindi N, Peoples A, Haberer J, Newell M-LJTLid. Interventions to increase antiretroviral adherence in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review of evaluation studies. 2011;11(12):942-51. [DOI:10.1016/S1473-3099(11)70181-5]
49. Rosen S, Fox MP, Gill CJJPM. Patient retention in antiretroviral therapy programs in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review. 2007;4(10):e298. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.0040298] [PMID] [PMCID]
50. Henry BL, Moore DJJJotAoNiAC. Preliminary findings describing participant experience with iSTEP, an mHealth intervention to increase physical activity and improve neurocognitive function in people living with HIV. 2016;27(4):495-511. [DOI:10.1016/j.jana.2016.01.001] [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Medical Microbiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb | Publisher: Farname Inc