Research Misconduct

 | Post date: 2020/04/1 | 
1. Research Misconduct:
Fabrication, Falsification and Plagiarism whether are done knowingly or not are against our ethical codes and would not be ignored.
Here is what we believe research misconduct is:
Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the Research Record. Research misconduct:
1-1-Fabrication:
Making up data or results and recording or reporting them while pretending they are original.
1-2-Falsification:
Manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the Research Record.
 1-3-Plagiarism 
Deliberate Interference which may intentionally cause material harm to the research or scholarly work of others, and may include damaging or destroying the property of others, such as research equipment or supplies; disrupting active experiments; or altering or deleting products of research, including data. Avoidance of revealing the side effects of clinical trials.
 1-3-1-Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person’s ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit. It ranges from the unreferenced use of others’ published and unpublished ideas, including research grant applications to submission under “new” authorship of a complete paper, sometimes in a different language. It may occur at any stage of planning, research, writing, or publication: it applies to print and electronic versions.
1-3-2-Plagiarism can occur when texts are being cut and pasted without appropriate attribution.
1-3-3-Using others’ published ideas is allowed if:
Appropriate attribution and citation should be considered while using figures, charts, questionnaires or texts.
In case of using or paraphrasing texts or ideas, citation is necessary.
Notice: Self-plagiarism should be avoided.
1-4-All researchers have the responsibility to report any conduct that they believe in good faith, is a misconduct to the relevant institutional authority.
1-5-Editors-in-chief have to check manuscripts for any kind of misconduct.
3. Conflict of Interests
3-1-For the purposes of this policy, conflict of interests is defined as financial and non-financial interests that could directly undermine, or be perceived to undermine the objectivity, integrity and value of a publication, through a potential influence on the judgments and actions of authors with regard to objective data presentation, analysis and interpretation.
3-2-Any conflict of interests must be declared in the text or as a footnote.
Notice: No financial contract should ban researchers from declaring the conflict of interests.
3-3-Author(s) should announce their financial resources.
4-1-The identity and personal information of cases of research, employee of research lab or other people involved must be kept confidential. Memoires, pictures and family genograms must not be in the manuscript, unless a formal copyright clearance is obtained to publish.
Notice: In the biomedical sciences, editors should consider only publishing information and images from individual participants where the authors have obtained the individual’s free prior informed consent.
Notice: In case obtaining a written consent is not possible, the local committee of publication ethics should decide whether or not to publish the confidential information.
Notice: To publish the general records, no permission is needed. 
4-2-Editors, authors and reviewers are required to keep confidential all details of the editorial and peer review process on submitted manuscripts. Unless otherwise declared as a part of open peer review, the peer review process is confidential and conducted anonymously; identities of reviewers are not released. Reviewers must maintain confidentiality of manuscripts.

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