year 8, Issue 3 (Fall 2014)                   Iran J Med Microbiol 2014, 8(3): 1-7 | Back to browse issues page

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Salimi chirani A, Dabiri H, Nikokar I, Ebrahim pour komleh M, Dousdar F, Goudarzi H, et al . Evaluation of type IV pilin sub groups in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from environmental samples, cystic fibrosis and burn patients. Iran J Med Microbiol. 2014; 8 (3) :1-7
1- Department of Medical Microbiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Medical Microbiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. ,
Abstract:   (14788 Views)

Background and Aim: Type IV pilin molecule in Pseudomonas aeruginosa with wide functions, has important role in the diversity of the bacterial genome.  According to the latest classification, Type IV pilin is divided to two main subtypes IVa, IVb. The major subunit encoding Type IV pilin subtypes IVa, IVb is pilA and pilS2 genes respectively which serve as a marker for the detection of the Type IV pilin subtypes. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the frequency of pilA and pilS2 gene in cystic fibrosis, burns, and environmental isolates.

Materials and Methods: The samples for P.aeruginosa were collected from cystic fibrosis, burns, and environment wastewater during the April 2013 to December 2013. Samples were cultured and identified using microbial and biochemical methods. DNA of isolates was extracted by commercial kit. PCR was performed using specific primers. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 17.0 software.

Results: A total of 100 P.aeruginosa isolates were collected 30 cystic fibrosis, 30 burn, 40 environmental. The prevalence of the  pilA gene were 63.3% , 56.7% and 45/2%  for cystic fibrosis, for burns  and environmental strains . The PilS2 gene frequency was 57.5% of the environmental isolates, 67.5% of cystic fibrosis strains and 73.3 % of the isolates were burned.

Conclusions: Our study showed that the frequency of P.aeruginosa T4P major pilin subunits in our P. aeruginosa population was high. The incidence of pilS2 gene was greater than pilA and was more frequent in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from hospitalized burn patients.

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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Molecular Microbiology
Received: 2014/06/15 | Accepted: 2014/09/15 | ePublished: 2014/11/19

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