[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: year 1, Issue 1 (Spring 2007) ::
Iran J Med Microbiol 2007, 1(1): 17-22 Back to browse issues page
Characterization of rpoB mutations in rifampin-resistant isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis cultured from the Iranian patients
Farahnoush Doustdar 1, Azardokht Khosravi 2, Parisa Farnia 3, AhmadReza Bahremand 4
1- Dept. of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Ahwaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran , f_doustdar@yahoo.com
2- Dept. of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Ahwaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran
3- Iranian National Reference TB laboratory, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (NRITLD), WHO Collaborating Centre of Tuberculosis, Tehran, Iran
4- Dept. of Mycobacteriology, Iran Pasteur institute.
Abstract:   (8850 Views)
Background and objectives: In this project we investigated the frequency of mutations within the rifampin resistance-determining region (RRDR) of rpoB gene to determine whether this region is useful for molecular detection of rifampin resistant isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from Iranian patients.
Material and Methods: A set of 25 rifampin resistant and 5 randomly chosen fully susceptible M. tuberculosis complex strains obtained from sputum samples of individual patients were investigated. The M. tuberculosis H37RvT and CDC 1551 standard strains were used as controls. Using the specific primers, the entire RRDR of rpoB gene of selected samples was amplified and sequenced directly.
Results: Genetic alterations in the RRDR were present among 96.0% of isolates. The majority of rifampin resistant isolates (72.0 %) showed missense mutations in the core region of rpoB that led to substitutions of amino acids at Ser-531 (60.0 %), His-526 (16.0 %) orAsp-516 (8.0 %). While the codon 531 has been the most common site of nucleotide substitutions worldwide, the frequencies of mutations at the codons 526 and 516 among the Iranian isolates were different from other geographical regions. Mutation at codon 533 was found at higher frequency (8%) comparing to the report from other countries. '
Conclusion:The high rate of mutations within the RRDR of the rpoB gene suggests that targeted screening of the RRDR may be feasible for the determination of rifampin resistance in clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from Iran.
Keywords: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, rifampin resistance, mutation
Full-Text [PDF 217 kb]   (1805 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Molecular Epidemiology
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Doustdar F, Khosravi A, Farnia P, Bahremand A. Characterization of rpoB mutations in rifampin-resistant isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis cultured from the Iranian patients. Iran J Med Microbiol. 2007; 1 (1) :17-22
URL: http://ijmm.ir/article-1-69-en.html


year 1, Issue 1 (Spring 2007) Back to browse issues page
مجله میکروب شناسی پزشکی ایران Iranian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3731